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Earth and Ecology is regarding understanding the core idea of earth processes, pollution management and environmental problems.
Environmental Sustainability and Development covers all aspects of the environmental impacts of socio-economic development.
Environmental Biotechnology deals with environmental issues, like the removal of pollution, renewable energy generation or biomass production, by exploiting biological processes.
Environmental Engineering and Biochemistry applies principles of Biochemistry for the protection of atmosphere.
Environmental Social Science and Resource Management covers theoretical and empirical papers dedicated to specific resource and environmental problems.
Toxicology and Environment Health is about understandings within the predictions, measurements, and assessments of the eventful effects of cyanogenic dangerous harmful chemicals within the atmosphere. It conjointly covers the employment, protection, and management of the chemicals in atmosphere for sweetening of human health and safety. It conjointly includes applications of sciences and technologies in environmental decision-making, rules, and managements, and also the development of science-based solutions of local/ world problems with atmosphere, human/ animal health, and safety.
Environmental Pollution and Management embrace aspects of environmental engineering science and technology, as well as pollution, wastewater, sludge treatment, and pollution legislation.
Biodiversity, Ecology and Ecosystems deals with the variations in ecosystems within a geographical location and its overall impact on human existence and therefore the surroundings.
Tropical Climate and Environmental Biology concerns about terrestrial and aquatic tropical ecosystems and their massive selection. Tropical environmental biology jointly covers conservation biology, aquatic biology, environmental management and consultancies, biotechnology, field and laboratory analysis in government, trade or universities, and environmental NGOs.
Atmospheric science is about Earth’s Atmosphere and its effects whereas Meteorology is about understanding and predicting short-term weather as well as long-term climate processes.
Climate change shows its impact on social and environmental determinants of health (Air, Water, Food and Shelter.)
Climate Change raises crucial social, natural and legit challenges. The health administration system applying to temperature change is complicated and multi-level. Worldwide temperature change presents one in all the foremost hard problems the worldwide community has ever stood up to.
Climate analysis, monitoring, prediction, and connected administrations rely on actual perceptions of the climate, land, and sea, adequately tested universally and over adequately long periods of time.
Marine Sciences, Marine Ecology and Aquatic Environment deals with study of ocean, its ecosystems and its life forms as well as the coastal environments, oceanic currents and the sea floor. Marine Sciences is dedicated to key findings in marine ecology as well as all elements of diversity (e.g. microbes, plankton, benthos, nekton, sea birds) at the molecular, species, surroundings or system level, from the sea-coast to the deep ocean.
Water Security and Water Sustainability is very important for sustaining livelihoods, human well-being, and socio-economic development, for guaranteeing protection against water-borne pollution and water-related disasters, and for conserving ecosystems in a very climate of peace and political stability.
Eco-toxicological Effects of Marine Pollutants can be seen when chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural, and residential waste, noise enters into a water body or due to the spread of invasive organisms.
Cleaning of Oceans and Coral Reefs is very important because water pollution from land-based sources causes severe damage to coral reefs, poses risks to human health and threatens the tourism industry.
Coastal Zone, interface between land and water is important because a majority of the world's population inhabit such zones. Coastal zones continually change because of the dynamic interaction between the oceans and the land and Ocean Science is about physical and biological aspects of the ocean.
Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.
Hydrology is about the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.
Geoscience is about Earth consisting of oceans, atmosphere, rivers and lakes, ice sheets and glaciers, soils, its complex surface, rocky interior, and metallic core and it also describes many aspects of how living things, including humans, interact with the Earth.
Geodiversity refers to earth science and physical parts of nature, like minerals, rocks, soils, fossils and landforms, and active earth science and active geological and geomorphological processes. Geodiversity constitutes biodiversity and natural diversity of planet Earth.
Soil science is the study of soil as a natural resource on the Earth’s surface including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relevancy to the utilization and management of soils.
Sedimentology is about physical and chemical properties of sedimentary rocks and the processes involved in their formation, including the transportation, deposition, and lithification (transformation to rock) of sediments. Research area is about constituents, textures, structures, and fossil content of the deposits laid down in different geographic environments which will be useful in differentiating continental, littoral, and marine deposits of the geologic record.
Landscape Ecology deals with the pattern and interaction between ecosystems within a region of interest, and the way the interactions affect ecological processes, especially the unique effects of spatial heterogeneity on these interactions.
Mineralogy is about scientific study of the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.
Many people’s food and livelihood security depend on the sustained management of various biological resources that are important for food and agriculture. Of those Agricultural biodiversity, also known as Agrobiodiversity or the genetic resources for food and agriculture plays a major role.